The Roussillon is the southernmost wine region in France. It stretches along the Mediterranean coast from Port Barcarès to the Pyrenees and is surrounded by three mountain ranges: Corbières in the north, Canigou in the west and south Albères. As part of the combining region of Languedoc-Roussillon region which corresponds roughly to the geography department Pyrénées-Orientales, bordering on the north by the department of Aude, on the west by the department of Ariege and Andorra and the south of Spain.
The name goes back to the medieval Roussillon county Rosselló, the former capital of Perpignan and today is the administrative seat of the department. Rosselló was next Vallespir, Conflent, Capcir, Alta Cerdanya and Fenouillèdes one of six historic districts nordkatalanischen (comarques)